Review of the Oriental genus Protolepta Melichar, with description of the second species from Sulawesi, Indonesia (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha: Dictyopharidae: Orthopagini)

Review of the Oriental genus Protolepta Melichar, with description of the second species from Sulawesi, Indonesia (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha: Dictyopharidae: Orthopagini)

        The Oriental genus Protolepta Melichar is revised to include two species: P. turbata (the type species) and P. linnavuorii sp. nov., both from Sulawesi, Indonesia.

        With more than 720 species in 155 extant and extinct genera, Dictyopharidae or dictyopharid planthoppers, are currently divided into two subfamilies Dictyopharinae and Orgeriinae. Members of Dictyopharidae are found in every part of the world, excluding Arctic and Antarctic regions, with highest diversity in the tropical and subtropical zones. Most dictyopharines are predominantly dicot feeders, and a few species are economically important agricultural pests on grasses. Polyphagous Dictyophara europaea (Linné, 1767) in Europe is a potentially multilateral vector in the transmission of diverse phytoplasma diseases, and may acquire and vector pathogens from a variety of plant sources. Another dictyopharid planthopper Cuernavacalongula (Remes Lenicov, 2010), endemic to South America, is an effective agent for the biological control of water hyacinth.

        The dictyopharid planthopper genus Protolepta was established by Melichar based on a single species, Protolepta turbata Melichar, from Sulawesi, Indonesia. While sorting and identifying dictyopharids material from the collections of the Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin, Germany and from the Moravian Museum, Brno, Czech Republic, we found the second Protolepta species from southern Sulawesi.

        The results are presented as “Review of the Oriental genus Protolepta Melichar, with description of the second species from Sulawesi, Indonesia (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha: Dictyopharidae: Orthopagini)”, and published in Entomologica Americana (http://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.1664/1947-5144-122.3.467).

1.jpeg

Fig. 1. Habitus of Protolepta species. A., C. Protolepta linnavuorii sp. nov., holotype, male; B., D. Protolepta turbata, lectotype, male.

2.png

Fig. 2. Protolepta linnavuorii sp. nov.

3.png

Fig. 3. Distribution of the Protolepta species.